Your personal notebook
A Helping Hand
Speaking Strategies - Gambits
Fiction vs. Non-fiction
The Writing Process
WordBank and SkoleTube
There are generally two different ways of listening to an audio or a video recording. Sometimes you need to listen carefully for something specific (called
), and at other times you just need a general impression of what it's about (called
You can use global listening when you want to get an overall understanding of the content, e.g.:
what the main topic is
who and what it's about
what the most important information is
how it begins and ends.
You can use selective listening when you need specific information, e.g.:
names of people or places
dates, times, numbers
keywords about the plot or message in the text
pronunciation of specific words or expressions.
Extra information or signals
When dealing with an audio or video recording for the first time, you should be aware of the extra signals which give more information about the content, e.g.:
the title (if there is one) – what does it tell you?
body language and facial expressions (if it's a video) – what do they tell you?
background noise and scenery – when and where does the recording take place?
The Listening Process
What is the purpose of listening and which strategy should you use?
Is there a title? What does the title tell you?
What do you already know about the subject?
Which topic-related words do you know?
What do you expect to hear?
What questions do you want answered?
Depending on your listening strategy, listen for specific words (
) or try to follow what is being said in general (
Listen for answers to questions you have.
Write down words you don’t know but need to know.
Look up the words you didn’t know.
Did you get all the information you needed?
Did you get answers to your questions?
If you didn't get what you were listening for listen or watch once more.
Depending on your listening strategy, summarize what the recording was about (
) or write down the specific information you were listening for (
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